How Can an Endovascular Clinic Help You?

The medical staff of endovascular clinics consists of vascular surgeons and interventional radiologists that provide advanced treatment for the circulatory system. The disorders treated in endovascular clinics are: brain aneurysms, cavernous malformations, carotid artery disease, arterial blockages (in kidneys or intestines), thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms, arterial graft infections, thoracic outlet syndrome and hyperhidrosis.


Endovascular clinics offer safer and noninvasive techniques for vascular disease alongside catheter-based repair programs. Moreover, the main disorder treated in such clinics is peripheral arterial disease (also known as PAD). The main symptoms of this condition are: bad circulation, pain and stiffness, wounds that do not heal and blockage of arteries. PAD is caused by obesity, smoking or diabetes. As a result, it is a very common condition among the elderly and the obese.

Stroke and Amputation Prevention

Endovascular clinics also deal with stroke and amputation prevention. Blocked carotid arteries can result in strokes caused by high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, high cholesterol and heart disease. Similarly, amputation is caused by diabetes and peripheral arterial disease. Therefore, in endovascular clinics, amputation prevention includes an evaluation and effort made by a team of physicians specializing in: podiatry, internal medicine, wound care, cardiology, primary care and vascular surgery.

Complex Vascular Procedures

Other types of procedures performed in endovascular clinics include complex vascular procedures such as: treatment of the kidney and suprarenal gland tumors, endarterectomy of the carotid arteries, surgical treatment of the retroperitoneal, the open reconstruction of abdominal aortic aneurysms, thrombosis of varicose veins, advanced endoscopic procedures, reconstructive surgery of abdominal blood vessels and treatment of tumors affecting extremities. As a result, the complex cases are approached with innovative care and multidisciplinary treatment leading to successful outcomes.

Interventional Neuroradiology

Interventional neuroradiology (also known as INR) is the newest subspecialty of radiology and it deals with vascular diseases of the spine, brain, neck and head. The technical complexity of INR requires extensive vascular and endovascular surgical experience. Moreover, there are unique techniques for spinal cord protection that patients can benefit from in an endovascular clinic.

vascular doctor Phoenix

State-of-the-Art Screening, Improved Care and Trial Surveillance

According to a vascular doctor Phoenix residents highly recommend, the expertise and excellence of endovascular surgery teams help deliver quality treatment and a full spectrum of procedures in the majority of endovascular clinics set up in Western countries. In addition, the clinics also provide: vascular laboratory testing, other types of non-invasive testing (plethysmography and duplex ultrasound), state-of-the-art imaging, follow-up care and improved patient care. Some even offer prospective studies and trials that patients can be enrolled in.

Modern Management and Protocols for Various Conditions

Besides treatment, screening and surveillance, Western endovascular clinics also give access to different types of management including wound and risk factor management. A few elite ones may also put into place a variety of protocols for conditions such as: chronic venous insufficiency and lymphedema, inflammatory disease, popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, vascular trauma, venous ulcers and visceral arterial disease.


Ultimately, the medical staff of endovascular clinics strives for the highest level of mobility and function for patients by offering them prosthetic options and diagnostic expertise that can save limb and life. Therefore, essential help can be found in clinics across Europe, Canada and the United States.


What Is an Interventional Radiologist?

Interventional radiologists are medical professionals who specialize in performing certain procedures to diagnose and to treat a variety of illnesses in an image-guided setting using catheters and injections and usually performing the procedures through very small incisions or holes. Here are some things that you should know about interventional radiologists.

What Is, in Fact, Interventional Radiology?

Interventional radiology is a branch of medical science that uses imaging technologies, including X-rays, CT scans and MRI to diagnose and to treat a variety of illnesses. The procedures performed by interventional radiologists require special equipment, therefore they are performed in hospitals that have an X-ray department.

The Training of Interventional Radiologists

The education of interventional radiologists follows the same path as the education of any highly trained medical specialist. Those who want to become interventional radiologists need to complete general medical training first, followed by a specialization in X-ray technology and further specialization in the technologies used in interventional radiology. These medical specialists also complete a residency program during which they learn to perform a wide variety of interventions. At the end of their training and after having completed the residency program, interventional radiologists need to take a complicated board exam to obtain a license and to be able to practice.

interventional radiologist near me

The Interventions Performed by Interventional Radiologists

The range of the illnesses that can be successfully treated with the help of the procedures performed by an interventional radiologist near me is continually expanding. Here are some of the most common interventions:

  • Uterine fibroid embolization – the procedure involves the insertion of a catheter in the artery that provides the blood supply for the uterine fibroids and the administration of tiny particles through an injection with the purpose of cutting off that blood supply for the duration of the intervention. Uterine fibroids rely heavily on the blood supply they receive from the artery that leads to the uterus – If that blood supply is cut off even for a short time, the fibroid starts shrinking and dying;
  • treatment for enlarged prostates – prostate enlargement is another very common condition that can be successfully treated through embolization. The method is essentially the same as in the case of uterine fibroids and the expected results are also the subsequent shrinkage of the prostate;
  • treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome – carpal tunnel syndrome is a very common condition of the hands that is caused by damage sustained by the nerves leading to the hands. Interventional radiologists can efficiently treat carpal tunnel syndrome by injecting small quantities of corticosteroids directly into the affected nerve to reduce the inflammation and the other symptoms caused by the condition;
  • carotid stenting – another very common condition that can be successfully treated by interventional radiologists is the partial blockage of the carotid artery – the large blood vessel that carries blood to the brain. The procedure involves the placement of a thin wire device into the artery in order to remove the blockage as quickly and as easily as possible, usually without having to sedate the patient.

What is Medicare Part D?

Medicare Colorado

The prescription drug benefit of the federally administered Medicare health insurance program, also known as Medicare Part D provides a help option for beneficiaries who take self-administered prescription drugs. In effect since 2006, Medicare Part D programs are provided by private insurers – companies that receive premiums from the government as well as from the beneficiaries. If you are in need of Medicare Part D, Medicare Colorado specialists confirm that below are some more things to know about Part D.

Determining the Right Part D Plan

Part D coverage is a component of the Medicare program and it is offered as optional to anyone eligible for Medicare. The coverage is available through Original Medicare or through Medicare Advantage, the alternative to the Original program provided by private insurers that usually includes the type of coverage available through Part D in Original Medicare.

Medicare Part D is not one, homogenous plan – it is actually an umbrella for at least 20 different plans, a wide range that the future beneficiary needs to choose from carefully. Some of the most important factors to consider when working to make the best selection include the type of prescription drug that you need, the amount of protection that you need from high drug costs, the amount of the deductible associated with your plan, whether or not your prescriptions are for generic drugs (there are many drug plans available that charge very little or nothing at all for generic prescriptions) or the peace of mind that you want for yourself in the future.

Part D coverage usually interacts with any other types of drug coverage that the beneficiary carries. Many people, for example, have drug coverage from their employer or from an organization, such as the Department of Veterans Affairs. If the beneficiary of some other type of drug coverage decides to get Part D as well, their other coverage will probably change, so it is very important to understand all the options available as well as the pros and the cons of those options.

Getting Help

Many people faced with the task of getting Part D coverage are overwhelmed with the abundance of available options. If you have been trying to figure out the best plan for some time and now you feel that help would be welcome, you must know that many independent insurance agents and brokers specialize in Medicare and in Part D plans. If you turn to such a Medicare Colorado insurance specialist, your expert will be able to present you the best options for you based on the medical conditions that you suffer from, the prescription drugs that you currently need, the features of your other prescription drug policies and on a variety of financial aspects.

Your Medicare Colorado agent or broker can help you with the enrollment process. The enrollment into Part D plans are usually time-bound, with clearly defined enrollment periods and it also requires the candidate to fill in several forms and documents that might also feel quite daunting. Specialized insurance professionals can provide guidance and help with all these aspects.

What Are the Primary Differences Between an Independent Living Facility and An Assisted Living Facility?

Independent Living facilities

Senior living facilities used to be care homes that provided residents long-term, basic care services, but today the world of senior care has become much more diversified, with each facility specializing in a particular level of care. Independent living and assisted living facilities are two of the most common types of senior homes, the two options sharing some important features, but also offering special services of their own. Here are some important distinguishing features that set apart the two types of facilities.

Differences in Terms of Medical Care and Support

Independent living and assisted living facilities feature differences in terms of the people they are intended for – while independent living facilities are suited for people who are able to handle daily chores and who live an active life, assisted living facilities are for people who do need intensive nursing care, but who do need help with basic daily tasks, such as bathing, dressing, eating, shopping and cleaning as well as with remembering and administering medications. While both types of communities provide access to medical care, independent living facilities do that through partnerships with in-home care companies available upon demand, while assisted living homes have in-house staff available 24/7, residents having call buttons in their home to signal their need for help.

Contact with Staff

The seniors living in an Independent Living facilities do not need daily contact with the care staff – they are offered the option to sign up for a meal service and they can also request help to attend medical appointments, but the amount of assistance they get depends entirely on their preferences. In assisted living facilities, on the other hand, the care staff is continuously monitoring the status of the residents and they are regularly checking in on the seniors in their care.

The Price

The decision to move to an independent living community is more a matter of preference than motivated by the need to have around the clock support and care, therefore independent living homes are usually more affordable than a place in an assisted living facility, but unlikely to be eligible for coverage from Medicaid, Medicare or insurance. The residents of assisted living facilities usually need more intensive care and attention as their health condition no longer makes it possible for them to live alone, in their own home and that kind of care is usually more expensive, but many of these residents are eligible for coverage by insurance, Medicaid and other support programs.

The Involvement of the Family

The residents of independent living communities have access to support and care on demand, but regular care not being a part of the service range, the families of the residents might still need to be involved, helping out with grocery shopping or other tasks. Assisted living facilities, on the other hand, take over all the duties and responsibilities related to taking care of the residents, relieving families of all the worries related to the care process, giving them the peace of mind that their elderly loved one is in excellent hands and completely safe.

What Is an Interventional Radiologist?

Interventional radiology is a branch of modern medicine, which uses modern technologies and miniaturized tools to save lives. It is used for treating cancer and other life threatening conditions without performing major surgery.

What Exactly Does an Interventional Radiologist Do?

An Interventional Radiologist has the delicate job of looking inside the patient’s body and performing high precision tasks, such as:

  • Taking a sample of tissue for biopsy
  • Breaking a blood clot
  • Destroying tumors without harming the healthy tissues around it.

In order to perform these tasks, the Interventional Radiologist uses imaging tests as guidance. These can be:

  • X-rays
  • CT scans
  • Fluoroscopy (a procedure allowing a view of the organs in motion)
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging).

Interventional Radiologist

Interpreting Imaging to Decide on a Treatment Course

The images of the inside of the patient’s body allow the Interventional Radiologist to decide on the ideal approach for treating the issue. Instead of performing an open or laparoscopic (keyhole) surgery to access the problem area, the specialist will guide tiny instruments through the veins, using the images as a reference.

In this way, the entire intervention can be performed through an opening in the body fitted with a catheter (a small plastic tube) that is no wider than a straw.

Types of Medical Procedures Performed by an Interventional Radiologist

Interventional radiology is used for a wide range of life saving procedures, such as:

  • Angioplasty or stent insertion to strengthen weakened arteries
  • Biliary drainage to unclog the bile ducts
  • Varicose vein ablation
  • Image guided biopsy
  • Pleural aspiration (removing fluid accumulating around the lungs).

Interventional radiology is also used to kill cancer cells or tumors with radio waves, electric current or ice crystals and cutting off blood supply to the tumor at the same time.

Benefits of Interventional Radiology

Interventional Radiologists are in increasing demand, because this method of treatment has many benefits for the patient. These are:

  1. It Is Safer

Open surgery has its risks, from blood loss to negative reactions to general anesthesia. It is especially recommended for people with known allergies to anesthetics.

  1. It Allows Doctors to Deliver Treatment in a Precise Area of the Body

Miniature medical devices inserted through a catheter allow doctors to break blood clots, gallstones or kill cancer tumors without harming nearby tissues.

  1. No Need to Spend the Night in Hospital

The interventional radiology procedure is performed under light to medium sedation. Once it is over, the patient wakes up, spends a little time under observation and then can go back home.

  1. Reduced Risk of Negative Side Effects

Side effects, such as infection at the site of the surgery are not uncommon. In the case of vulnerable patients with cancer, they can be fatal. A procedure performed by an Interventional Radiologist does not carry the risk of side effects. It is minimally invasive and leaves behind just a small bandaged area.

  1. Safe Placement of Central IV Lines

In some cases, medicines need to be delivered deep inside the body for maximum effect. To do so, the Interventional Radiologist will guide the central IV line through the veins and stop at the exact place where the treatment has to be delivered.

Things to do to Help Skin Look Better in the Morning

Helping your skin look better first thing in the morning can often be a challenge, due to the busy lifestyle we have these days, not to mention the stressful times we have to deal with due to the pandemic.

Nevertheless, there are certain things which may help you look your best in the long run, but also instant tricks which you can apply if you have urgent events such as morning meetings, and so on.

In order to have a nice skin, you should have healthy, well-balanced diet, with plenty of fruit and vegetables. Hydration also plays a major role for the good health and looks of your skin. So does the fresh air and physical activity, such as taking long walks, exercising, swimming, running, etc. If you suffer from acne, these tips most likely will not work, and you will need the professional help of top rated acne clinics near me.

acne clinics near me

In the meantime, apparently, one of the best tricks for having a nice skin refers to your posture. Thus, standing up straight can do a lot to the way your skin may look in the morning. Most of us suffered from poor posture due to the often uncomfortable plastic seats we had back in school. Many people can look older and more tired than they actually are, due to the fact that they spent a lot of time in an unhealthy position. Standing up straight not only makes you look better, but also feel better.

Holding cold spoons under your eyes can also do miracles to your skin. This can be done by putting two spoons in your refrigerator and is recommended especially when you notice that your eyes look excessively tired. This should be done preferably after taking a shower. You should keep the cold spoons under your eyes for at least thirty seconds. You may still have some dark circles, but you will certainly manage to freshen up a bit the overall look of your skin. Splashing ice water on your face may be another good idea.

At the same time, you need to make sure you are actually wearing the colors which suit you best. The colors of your clothes can influence not only how your skin looks, but also how you feel in general. So, in case you are not satisfied with the general aspect of your skin or you are feeling low, you should perhaps check on your choice of colors for that day. Each person’s color is determined by the undertones of his/her hair, eyes and skin. Knowing your color is very important for helping you determine which color to wear if you want to look and feel your best.

In case you wake up and are displeased with the way you look, this may indicate that you are in a bad mood. So in order to help your skin look better, you should do something to cheer yourself up. One good idea might be to start dancing on one of your favorite songs. Dancing can also make your heart beat faster, thus helping you wake up and making your blood flow faster into your veins and also into your skin.

Stem Cell Therapy: an Explanation

Stem cell therapy is touted as the most innovative way of treating autoimmune and degenerative diseases, such as type II diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease or ALS. Stem cells may also help people with spinal cord injuries and other severe types of trauma.

Thus, a definition of stem cell therapy is: a form of regenerative treatment that attempts to replace damaged specialized cells with healthy cells. The new cells are harvested from the patient, thus there is no risk of incompatibility. They are unspecialized cells and, through specialized treatment, turned into specialized cells (muscle cells, marrow cells, etc.).

stem cell therapy Highlands Ranch

How Effective Is Stem Cell Therapy?

Compared to surgery or other forms of treatment, stem cell therapy is not a quick fix for the health problem. Doctors attempt to nurture healing by giving the organism the “raw materials” it needs to repair a damaged area.

In many cases, stem cell therapy is beneficial in improving the quality of life for the patient, even if it does not fully cure their health problem. For example, for people with spinal cord injury, it is possible to partially regain mobility in the limbs.

Where Are Stem Cells Harvested From?

There are various sources of stem cells in the human body. The most popular form of preserving stem cells is at birth, from the umbilical cord. However, doctors can also harvest stem cells from adult patients from:

  • Adipose (fat) tissue
  • Bone marrow
  • Placenta.

Another method of obtaining stem cells is from 3 to 5 days old embryos. However, there are major ethical issues connected with this type of harvesting, as the embryo would be destroyed afterwards. Thus, both donors and patients must be fully informed and agree on this type of stem cell therapy.

How is the Stem Cell Therapy Performed?

There are several ways of administering the stem cells:

  • Intravenous
  • Into the spinal canal
  • Injected into the problem area (hip, knee, arm, etc.).

Thus, stem cell therapy is minimally invasive and is mostly painless. These are some of the major benefits of this type of treatment compared to older and less successful therapies.

Who Regulates Stem Cell Therapy?

Stem cell therapies must be approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA). At the present, there are two types of such therapies that have full FDA approval:

  • Fedratinib, a treatment for bone marrow scarring
  • Glasdegib, a treatment for elderly patients (over 75) with acute myelogenous leukemia.

However, the FDA is constantly reviewing various other types of stem cell therapy and some of them may receive approval as you are reading this article. A stem cell therapy Highlands Ranch clinic professional suggests that as a basic safety precaution, patients should always ask whether the therapy they propose to undertake has been reviewed by the FDA. Also, ask for clarifications whenever you do not understand something.

Precautions Concerning Travelling Abroad for Stem Cell Therapy

Some patients are lured by promises of more affordable costs for stem cell therapy in other countries. The first thing to remember is that the FDA has no oversight of therapies, treatments and medical procedures performed outside the territory of the USA.

Therefore, patients should always weigh the affordability of the treatment against safety and the possibility to obtain relief in case of malpractice.

Some of the Most Common Sleep Disorders Science Tells Us About

You probably already know people who don’t sleep that well. Some might wake up in the middle of the night to eat or take walks, while others are abruptly woken up by nightmares or the inability to breathe properly. These common problems are just a tip of the iceberg, however, as the rich and mysterious world of sleeping problems holds many more secrets than meets the eye.

While some sleep disorders might be induced by mild health problems or emotional issues that can be corrected over time, others are in and of themselves diseases – sometimes very rare ones – that cannot be easily made to go away.

sleep doctor treats insomnia and other sleep disorders


The most common and popular type of sleep disorder that we know about is insomnia. This disorder is actually part of a category of sleep disorders known as dyssomnias, which include both cases involving people who have trouble going to sleep (insomniacs) and those with patients that sleep too much or that have trouble getting up in the morning.

Insomnia is characterized by an inability to go to sleep. In most cases, it involves a secondary diagnosis which is usually the cause of the disorder. Sometimes it can be primarily psychological, such as the case with mood swings, anxiety or depression. Other times, it can involve a serious physical condition such as heart disease or pregnancy, as well as a number of neurological conditions.

People suffering from insomnia often require treatment from a sleep doctor for the both the primary cause as well as additional treatments or practices to help them fall asleep more easily. There are, however, extreme cases as well, when neither the actual source of the insomnia is known, nor the insomnia itself can be cured or treated by regular means.


Parasomnias also involve difficulty sleeping, however, in this case the problem arises after the patient has already fallen asleep. Parasomnias often involve involuntary movements, sensations and emotions felt during sleep and often amplified by the dream state. They can include anything from bedwetting to bruxism, sleepwalking or suddenly waking up hearing loud noises (exploding head syndrome).


Hypersomnia is a condition which can be considered the opposite of insomnia. While insomniacs need to put a real effort into trying to fall asleep, hypersomniacs can hardly wake up, and they usually feel extremely exhausted when doing so. Hypersomnia involves excessive sleeping habits and often causes the person who has it to be incapable of functioning properly during their daily life. The causes of hypersomnia can include distress and trauma (post-traumatic hypersomnia) as well as serious neurological problems such as narcolepsy.

Disorders Caused by an Altered Circadian Rhythm

The circadian rhythm governs our sleep cycles, and they can often be disturbed by situations where we chronically miss our normal sleeping habits or are forced to stay awake for longer periods of time. Disorders caused by altered circadian rhythms can include delayed sleep phase disorder, advanced sleep phase disorder and non-24 hours sleep phase disorder. In each of these cases, the person’s sleep pattern is altered either by being delayed, appearing too early in the day or occurring at a cycle that is offset compared to the 24-hour cycle of the day.

The Qualities of a Great Oral Surgeon

Great Oral Surgeon Qualities Happy Clients

Whether you need to have your wisdom tooth extracted, you suffer from a temporomandibular joint disorder or you are faced with some other type of dental problem that requires treatment by an oral surgeon, you surely want to be treated by the best available doctor. Oral Surgeon highland park areas specialize in the treatment of dental issues that require surgery or an approach that is more complex than the approaches that general dentists can provide – here are the qualities to look for when choosing the specialist to turn to.

Training and Licensing

To obtain a license, an oral surgeon needs to attend four years of college, followed by four years of medical school and several years of residency in oral and maxillofacial surgery. When their training is complete, oral surgeons also need to obtain board certification and a license in the state in which they want to practice. Before you choose your oral surgeon, check all these credentials and don’t be shy to ask the doctors any questions you have about their training and license.

Specialization and Experience

Oral surgery is a vast and varied area of medicine and not all oral surgeons specialize in the same types of procedures. The best choice is obviously a doctor who has long experience in treating the type of problem that you have – for example, if you need a dental implant, it is not a good idea to turn to a doctor who specializes in extractions. Most oral surgeons have portfolios that you can check and you can also ask them about their experience with the type of intervention that you need – the best choice is a doctor who has long and extensive experience in the area of treatment that you are looking for.

References and Reputation

The first source of information used by the patients looking for an oral surgeon is usually their general dentist – it is usually the dentist who identifies the problem that needs specialized treatment and it is also the dentist who refers the patient to a surgeon. It is usually a good idea to check the reputation of the oral surgeon that is recommended to you – ask around among the people you know to find out whether they know anything about the surgeon and you can also check the online reviews and ratings provided by the doctor’s previous patients.

The Oral Surgeon’s Personality

Any type of surgical intervention, including oral surgery, is a serious intervention, so you need to have complete trust in your doctor and you need to feel comfortable in your doctor’s presence. The best way to ensure that is to schedule visits with multiple oral surgeons – the way the doctors talks to you, the way they answer your questions, their willingness to walk you through the procedure will reveal a lot about their personality. Don’t forget, that initial visit does not come with any obligations – if you don’t feel that the doctor you are visiting is the right one for you, feel free to thank them for their opinion and continue looking for the right specialist.

How Often Should You Get Your Teeth Cleaned

Clean teeth are not only beautiful, but also healthy. And an overall clean mouth is extremely important. Lack of proper hygiene is not only unpleasant, but also triggers serious health problems, from halitosis (bad breath) to gastritis and other digestive problems.

However, not everyone has a proper attitude towards getting their teeth clean. For many people, brushing their teeth twice per day is the only action they take. This is insufficient, as any dentist can tell you.

What Is an Adequate Routine for Cleaning Teeth?

A complete teeth cleaning routine at home involves brushing and flossing your teeth and then using mouthwash. However, even a complete home care routine is not enough. You also need to go to the dentist periodically and get your teeth cleaned.

Why is it so? The reason is that you cannot clean your teeth 100% no matter how hard you try. Even electric toothbrushes cannot clean every bit of the surface of your teeth, especially the space between teeth. It may not seem much, but buildup of food remains over time can attack the enamel and lead to cavities, gingivitis and other problems.

What Kind of Teeth Cleaning Do You Get at the Dentist’s Office?

Dentists have access to specific devices and substances for professional tooth cleaning. These products are rich in fluoride or use UV light and, for safety reasons, are not available for consumers.

Professional tooth cleaning at the dentist’s will remove plaque and calculus build-up, which brushing and flossing won’t help with. As these build-ups grow overtime, it is a good idea to have them periodically removed. The smaller the layer, the easier the cleaning operation will be.

dentist near me

How Often Should You Go to the Dentist’s To Clean Your Teeth?

A dentist near me recommends getting your teeth cleaned once every 6 months. However, certain categories of people should go to the dentist for teeth cleaning even more frequently, that is, once every 4 months.

These categories of people are:

  • Those wearing braces
  • People who indulge in a lot of sweets and snacks
  • People who smoke
  • People with frequent toothaches
  • People with recurring cavities.

Also, people with certain preexisting conditions, such as heart disease and diabetes, should also get their teeth professionally cleaned on a frequent basis. They are at high risk for gum disease.

Another category of people that should get their teeth cleaned at least 3 times per year are those who take medication for osteoporosis or blood thinning drugs. For them, bad teeth and gum disease can seriously complicate their preexisting illness.

Therefore, it is very important to communicate any kind of health issue to your dentist, even if it appears to be unrelated to your teeth. Based on this information, the dentist can recommend a tailored teeth cleaning routine, both at home and in their office.

Remember, a bright smile is a healthy smile. Don’t put it off until people notice the changing color of your teeth and your bad breath!